Main Article Content
Apigenin (4′,5,7-trihydroxyflavone) belongs to the group of flavonoids positioned on the backbone of 2-phenylchromen-4-one (2-phenyl-1-benzopyran-4-one) and is most extensively allocated in herbs, vegetables, and fruits. Biosynthetically, apigenin is obtained from the phenylpropanoid pathway and also from the flavone synthesis pathway. The pathway of phenylpropanoid begins from the aromatic amino acids L-phenylalanine or L-tyrosine, both products of the shikimate pathway. In several recent studies, it has been shown that apigenin has a number of valuable bioactive functions, including antibacterial, antiviral, antiproliferative, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiangiogenic, and anticancer activities. From the results of several in vivo and in vitro studies and clinical trials, apigenin has been shown to be an effective curative treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune disorders, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and several types of cancers. Here, we summarize the key findings of the biological and pharmacological actions of apigenin.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms:
- The authors keep the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license, CC BY 4.0. This licencse permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.
- The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.
- Because the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate at the time of publication, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions presented in the publication. The publisher makes no guarantee, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.
- The authors can enter into additional contracts for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version by citing the initial publication in this journal (e.g. publishing in an institutional repository or in a book).