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Preclinical studies indicate that arachidonic acid (AA)-derived eicosanoids contribute to hyperglycemia-induced kidney injury. We aimed to determine whether plasma and/or urinary levels of dihydroxyeicosatrienoic (DHETs) and 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic (20-HETE) acids are associated with diabetic kidney disease (DKD). A total of 334 subjects (132 DKD patients and 202 non-diabetic individuals) were studied. Plasma levels of 11,12-DHET, 14,15-DHET and 20-HETE were measured by LC/MS/MS. Urinary 20-HETE concentrations were determined by immunoenzymatic assay. Subjects with normoalbuminuria had larger 20-HETE-to-creatinine urinary ratios (20-HETE/Cr) than those with micro and macroalbuminuria (p=0.012). Likewise, participants with eGFR>60 ml/min/1.73 m2 had higher plasma levels of 14,15-DHET (p=0.039) and 20-HETE/Cr ratios (p=0.007). Concentrations of 14,15-DHET, 11,12-DHET and 20-HETE/Cr were significantly lower in DKD patients. Median values for non-diabetic vs. DKD were, respectively, 493 (351.0-691.5) vs. 358 (260.5-522) ng/L, p=3e-5; 262 (183.5-356.0) vs. 202 (141.5-278.0) ng/L, p=1e-4 and 5.26 (1.68-11.65) vs. 2.53 (1.01-6.28) ng/mgCr, p=0.010. In addition, 20-HETE/Cr ratios were higher in patients with non-proteinuric DKD than in those with typical DKD (p=0.020). When only individuals with impaired filtration were considered, 14,15-DHET and 11,12-DHET levels were still higher in non-diabetic subjects (p=0.002 and p=0.006, respectively). Our results indicate that AA-derived eicosanoids may play a relevant role in DKD.
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