Pivotal role of vitamin D in mitochondrial health, cardiac function, and human reproduction
Keywords:vitamin D, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, cell damage, inflammation, cardiac diseases
Vitamin D, a secosteroid hormone, appears to have significant beneficial effects on various physiological systems, including the musculoskeletal system. Vitamin D assists in the regulation of numerous critical biological functions and physiological processes in humans, including inflammation, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial respiration, and is also linked to cardiac diseases. It is also reported that vitamin D plays a central role in molecular and cellular mechanisms, which reduce oxidative stress, and tissue damage and regulate cellular health. On the other side, hypovitaminosis D reduces mitochondrial activity and increases oxidative stress and inflammation in the body. Hypervitaminosis D increases the prevalence and severity of cellular damage. It has also been reported that vitamin D is involved in many functions of the reproductive system in human and critically play an important role in the reproductive tissues of women and men. Its role is very well defined, starting from female menarche to menopause, pregnancy, and lactation, and finally in male fertility. Hence, the appropriate amount of vitamin D is necessary to maintain the normal function of cell organelles. Based on recent studies, it is understood that vitamin D is involved in the biological activities of mitochondria in cells, especially in cardiomyocytes. In this review, we emphasized the role of vitamin D in mitochondrial respiration, which could significantly influence heart health and human reproduction.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Alavala Matta Reddy, Mumtaz Iqbal, Hitesh Chopra, Shaheda Urmi, Sunil Junapudi, Shabana Bibi, Santosh Kumar Gupta, Viajaya Nirmala Pangi, Inderbir Singh, Mohamed M. Abdel-Daim
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