COVID-19 lockdown

Impairments of objective measurements of selected physical activity, cardiorespiratory and sleep parameters in trained fitness coaches

Authors

  • Ismail Dergaa Primary Health Care Corporation (PHCC), Doha P.O. Box 26555, Qatar; Research Unit Physical Activity, Sport, and Health, UR18JS01, National Observatory of Sport, Tunis 1003, Tunisia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8091-1856
  • Achraf Ammar Institute of Sport Sciences, Otto-von-Guericke University, 39104 Magdeburg, Germany; Interdisciplinary Laboratory in Neurosciences, Physiology and Psychology: Physical Activity, Health and Learning (LINP2), UFR STAPS, UPL, Paris Nanterre University, Nanterre, France https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0347-8053
  • Amine Souissi Research Unit Physical Activity, Sport, and Health, UR18JS01, National Observatory of Sport, Tunis 1003, Tunisia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2072-2425
  • Mohamed Saifeddin Fessi Research Unit Physical Activity, Sport, and Health, UR18JS01, National Observatory of Sport, Tunis 1003, Tunisia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6785-9475
  • Khaled Trabelsi Research Laboratory Education, Motricité, Sport et Santé, EM2S, LR19JS01, High Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2623-9557
  • Jordan M. Glenn Exercise Science Research Center, Department of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2563-4291
  • Amine Ghram Healthy Living for Pandemic Event Protection (HL - PIVOT) Network, Chicago, IL, USA; E-mail: ghram.amine@hotmail.fr https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2851-0753
  • Morteza Taheri Department of Sport Sciences, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8031-3792
  • Khadijeh Irandoust Department of Sport Sciences, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3590-4440
  • Hamdi Chtourou Research Laboratory Education, Motricité, Sport et Santé, EM2S, LR19JS01, High Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5482-9151
  • Mohamed Romdhani Research Unit Physical Activity, Sport, and Health, UR18JS01, National Observatory of Sport, Tunis 1003, Tunisia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1715-1863
  • Helmi Ben Saad Université de Sousse, Hôpital Farhat HACHED, Laboratoire de Recherche “Insuffisance cardiaque” (LR12SP09), Sousse, Tunisie https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7477-2965
  • Karim Chamari Aspetar, Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Doha P.O. Box 29222, Qatar; ISSEP Ksar-Said, Manouba University, Tunisia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9178-7678

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17179/excli2022-4986

Keywords:

heart pulse, home confinement, sedentary behavior, sleep characteristics, step count

Abstract

The COVID-19 outbreak resulted in the shutdown of athletic training facilities. Although the effects of these restrictions on daily activity and sleep patterns have been widely analyzed, the employed tools often lacked accuracy, and were based on subjective measures. This study assessed the effects of home confinement on objective physical activity (PA), physiological and sleep parameters in active individuals. Sixteen male elite fitness coaches (age: 29±3 years; height: 183±6 cm; body mass: 82±5 kg, body mass index: 24.7±1.8 kg/m2) participated in this retrospective study. One-way analysis of variance was conducted to analyze selected PA, physiological and sleep parameters collected by smartwatch (Garmin Fenix 6 pro, USA) data during four consecutive months [i.e., pre-confinement, 1st and 2nd months of confinement, and post-confinement, year 2020]. Ramadan intermittent fasting (RIF) month occurred during the 2nd month of confinement. Compared to pre-confinement, significant changes were registered for almost all parameters during the 1st and/or the 2nd month of confinements (p<0.001), with (i) higher values for resting heart rate, sleep latency, and total, light and rapid eye movements sleep times (% change=7-523 %), and (ii) lower values for PA parameters, calories/day spent, average and highest respiratory rates, and deep sleep time during the home confinement period (% change=5-36 %). During the post-confinement month, all parameters regained pre-confinement values. In conclusion, home confinement-induced detraining negatively influenced the objective measurements of cardiorespiratory and sleep parameters among fitness coaches with a deeper effect during the 2nd month of home confinement, possibly due to the effect of RIF.

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Published

2022-08-16

How to Cite

Dergaa, I., Ammar, A., Souissi, A., Fessi, M. S., Trabelsi, K., Glenn, J. M., Ghram, A., Taheri, M., Irandoust, K., Chtourou, H., Romdhani, M., Ben Saad, H., & Chamari, K. (2022). COVID-19 lockdown: Impairments of objective measurements of selected physical activity, cardiorespiratory and sleep parameters in trained fitness coaches. EXCLI Journal, 21, 1084–1098. https://doi.org/10.17179/excli2022-4986

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