Hexahydrocurcumin mitigates angiotensin II-induced proliferation, migration, and inflammation in vascular smooth muscle cells
Keywords:hexahydrocurcumin, angiotensin II, vascular smooth muscle cell, proliferation, migration, inflammation
The proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) play vital roles in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and hypertension. It has been proposed and verified that hexahydrocurcumin (HHC), a metabolite form of curcumin, has cardiovascular protective effects. This study examined the effect of HHC on angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced proliferation, migration, and inflammation in rat aortic VSMCs and explored the molecular mechanisms related to the processes. The results showed that HHC significantly suppressed Ang II-induced proliferation, migration, and inflammation in VSMCs. HHC inhibited Ang II-induction of the increase in cyclin D1 and decrease in p21 expression in VSMCs. Moreover, HHC attenuated the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the expression of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB), tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and matrix metalloproteinases-9 (MMP9) in Ang II-induced VSMCs. The proliferation, migration, inflammation, and ROS production were also inhibited by GKT137831 (NADPH oxidase, NOX1/4 inhibitor) and the combination of HHC and GKT137831. In addition, HHC restored the Ang-II inhibited expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-g (PPAR-g) and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α). These findings indicate that HHC may play a protective role in Ang II-promoted proliferation, migration, and inflammation by suppressing NADPH oxidase mediated ROS generation and elevating PPAR-γ and PGC-1α expression.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Luckika Panthiya, Jiraporn Tocharus, Waraluck Chaichompoo, Apichart Suksamrarn, Chainarong Tocharus
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