Risks of obesity and diabetes development in the population of the Ivano-Frankivsk region in Ukraine
Keywords:diabetes, overweight, obesity, population screening, Ukraine
The epidemic of obesity that parallels diabetes mellitus and its complications are diseases of major concern to modern societies. Community-based screening is an effective strategy to identify people at high risk of developing overweight, obesity, prediabetes, diabetes, and related health problems. Here, we present the results of screening the population of four locations in the Ivano-Frankivsk region (Western Ukraine). The study group consisted of 400 adults and 252 children. The measured parameters were: (1) main vital signs – body temperature, resting heart rate, blood pressure; (2) anthropometric indicators – body mass and height, body mass index, waist circumference; and (3) metabolic parameters – fasting capillary blood glucose, total body fat, visceral fat, physical activity level and 10-year risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The study found that 23 % of the adults were overweight and 14.8 % obese. Among children, 9.9 % were overweight and 8.7 % obese. Adult body mass index correlated with visceral fat percentage, systolic/diastolic blood pressure and levels of fasting capillary blood glucose. Adults over 18 years of age had fasting capillary blood glucose ≥5.6 mmol/L (14.3 %), including those with undiagnosed pre-diabetes (13.3 %) and suspected diabetes mellitus (1.0 %). The percentage of visceral body fat in adults was positively associated with the 10-year risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Volodymyr I. Lushchak, Mihai Covasa, Oleksandra B. Abrat, Tetiana V. Mykytyn, Ivan Z. Tverdokhlib, Kenneth B. Storey, Halyna Semchyshyn
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