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MiR-145 is a tumor suppressor miRNA that its ubiquitously expressed in the body but in numerous types of cancers such as GC, its expression became reduced or sometimes ceased in many subjects. This study aimed at restoring the function of the miR-145 in MKN-45 cells and investigating the function of this miRNA in proliferation, apoptosis, and migration of GC cells. MKN-45 cells were transfected using the PCMV-miR-145 plasmid vector. The MTT, DAPI staining, and wound healing assays were applied to estimate the impacts of ectopic expression of miR-145 in vitro. Moreover, alterations in the expression levels of K-Ras, c-Myc, caspase-3, caspase-9, Bax, Bcl-2, and MMP-9 mRNA were measured by qRT-PCR analysis. The findings designated that high expression of miR-145 reduced the proliferation and migration and increased the apoptosis of the MKN-45 cells. These effects occur with concurrent suppression of c-Myc, K-Ras, Bcl-2, and MMP-9 as well as induction of caspase-3, caspase-9, and Bax expression. Exogenous miR-145 influences multiple oncogenic pathways and can be regarded as a promising avenue of future therapeutic interventions for GC therapy.
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